Two Types of Rats Found in Your Home: The Norway & The Roof Rat
Rats can be a nuisance when they are found hiding in your home. They can chew up furniture, window sills, baseboards and anything else they can get their teeth on. Some species can carry deadly diseases- ever heard about the Bubonic plague? Fleas living on rats carried this disease and killed over twenty million people. In modern days we don’t need to worry too much about the plague, but there are a few diseases such as: leptospirosis, rabies, and salmonella that they can spread. Chewing up furniture and carrying diseases are just two reasons why homeowners should have a prevention plan, but before creating a plan you must first know the types of rats you may be dealing with. In Florida there are two types of rats that can move into your home; Norway and the Roof rat.
The Norway Rat
Norway rats, also known as sewer or brown rats, are one of these more common rats found in homes. They tend to live in places that provide a large water source such as a canal or sewer- where they get their name. Norway rats are burrowers and live mostly at ground level, but don’t be fooled- they can climb. These rats have been seen running across telephone wires to move from place to place in search of food and shelter.
Norway rats have coarse fur and can range in color from brown to reddish brown and their body can grow up to eight inches in length not including their tail. The average weight for these pests are roughly one pound, but this may vary depending on their age. Norway rats are nocturnal meaning that they are more active at night, but during extreme weather or habitat changes, such as food sources, they can become active during the day.
The Roof Rat
Roof rats, also known as the black or ship rat, are another common house pest found in homes, more common in Florida than the Norway rat. This species was responsible for the Bubonic plague back in the late 1340’s. These pests are climbers and prefer to make their nests higher up than their ground loving counterparts
Roof rats can range in color from dark grey to black with a light underbelly. Like Norway rats they too can reach up to eight inches in length not including their tails. They typically weigh six to nine ounces but can reach up to twelve. They are also nocturnal but may be seen scurrying around fruit crops or trees during the day.
What is Next?
Now that you know a little more information about these two rats there’s a few things you can do to help prevent them from entering your home. First, clean-clean…and clean some more. The best way to prevent these pests is to make sure you keep your home clean. Wipe down counters after you eat, sweep up crumbs from the floor, and throw away and seal all the trash you have in your home. They are attracted to readily available food sources so making it so they can’t find any is vital. Second, clean and organize. Make sure you de-clutter both inside and outside of your home so there’s no place for them to hide. They will be much less inclined to nest in a house that doesn’t provide ample hideaways. And Last, call a pest control company. Pest Control companies can help you plan for future prevention and determine how at risk you are. They can even leave traps or sprays that help deter rats and mice from coming anywhere near your house.
There are plenty more resources to check if you would like more information about these and other house pests. Visit the sources below for more information on Norway, Black, and other rats or mice you may be worried about.